Study of stress in an organization is a very important factor that each and every organization across the world should give a priority. The major reason as to why it is important to evaluate the causes and effects of stress in any given organization is because it adversely lowers the rate of general production. Most organizations are established to gain profit and profit is gained through increased productivity and when the productivity is lowered due to increased stress cases in most employees consequently production rate will be lowered and the organization will cease to exist (Moore et al, 2012).
Stress has adverse effects on job performance of a given employee and some of them have been discussed on this paper. Stress cause an employee to be inefficient in his/her roles and duties; procrastination; experience recurrent physical symptoms such as headaches and upset stomach; dread of work day; experience emotional swings in the work place such as helplessness and anger outbreaks which in turn affects the relationship with other employees; difficulty in the decision making process; and wanting to leave or avoid doing work. These effects of stress on an employee in most cases lead to depersonalization, reduced effectiveness at workplace and emotional exhaustion (Moore et al, 2012).
It is also important to note that stress in the workplace does not only affect the lifestyle of the employees at workplace but also in other spheres of life such as relationships and health. However, studies have been proven that stress in organizations is mostly causes by poor organizational design, poor management and poor work systems design (Moore et al, 2012). An organization should always review these factors whenever productivity is reduced because it may be due to stress among the employees. All these issues show how important is it to study stress in organizations.
Moore, L.J., Vine, S.J., Wilson, M.R., Freeman, P. (2012). The effect of challenge and threat states on performance: an examination of potential mechanisms. Psychophysiology; 49(10),1417-25.