REFLECTIVE DIARY

Moral or ethical leadership refers to the aspect of leading in a way that observes the dignity and the rights of others. A basic definition of a leader is one who gives the way by acting a role model (Brown and Treviño 2006). The element of persuasion, therefore, is critical for effective leadership. Thus, persuasion cannot be achieved without personal integrity. People need to have confidence and trust in a leader. Therefore, moral leadership entails commitment in partaking the right decision and right actions according to the values and beliefs of the society and culture about acceptable conduct. Instead of aspiring for popularity, they aim to serve the people. They do not showcase their capability but build opportunities for others. Moral leadership is characterized by people with a deep sense of ethics and are always guided by the core ideals in the society with the ultimate motivation for attaining higher goals for the benefit of the whole community.

In most cases, ethical leaders come up with a decision that targets long-term benefits and may be unpopular, inconvenient or even unprofitable to some individuals in a short run. They also embrace a clear understanding of own values and demonstrate a high level of trustworthy and integrity that contributes to the acceptance of their visions. They refrain using any dubious or unacceptable means of solving issues.

On the other hand, the choices made by moral leaders are those that respect the dignity and the rights of others. They always consider the viewpoints of all the people affected by the decisions that they make and not just that of the most powerful and influential ones. As a result, they utilize their power to convince others to accept and appreciate the choices they make.

Moral leadership is, therefore, fundamental to the protection of the reputation of an organization. Leaders always depict themselves as well as their organizations. Ethical acts by the leaders help in the protection of the legitimacy of an organization as it efficiently utilizes the resources of the society to achieve its aims and for the good of the whole society. Moral leadership does not only involves acting in a legally accepted manner but the personal characters and the judgment of the leader that guides them to act according to the moral principles. In a nutshell, it is clear that moral leadership helps to shade the moral situation in an organization hence promote high integrity in the society.

How Leaders Communicate and Motivate

Motivation is the act of stimulating people to act in a manner that will enable them to achieve individual objectives (Rubin, Munz and Bommer 2005). In an organization, it plays a crucial role in bringing substantial improvement in the job satisfaction and productivity and reduction in tardiness, absenteeism, and grievances among other negative impacts in an organization. The right leadership traits are hence imperative in influencing motivation. For effective leadership, a thorough knowledge of motivational factors is necessary.

To achieve significant motivation, there should be remarkable cooperation between the leaders and those under their leadership. Enthusiastic involvement in decisions made by an inspired individual is one important indicator of motivation. However, such motivation cannot be achieved without good communication skills that promote a good relationship. Effective communication aids in the establishment of high cooperation between individuals and hence help an organization to attain its goals.

Successful communication by the leaders needs to include all the relevant information. It should also be transmitted using the right channels so as to ensure that it reaches the target accurately and at the right time. Trust is also an important factor the communication of leaders. Leaders need to be trusted by their target audience as well as the audience also need should be trusted with the information they receive or give to their leaders. Without trust, misleading information may be transmitted affected the general output in an organization. Consequently, leaders should strive to earn and keep the confidence of those under their leadership.

Leaders’ communication is always spontaneous and comprehensively planned. They take a keen interest in the characteristics of the target audience, the message to be delivered, means for communication, the rational, frequency and various parts of communication. These factors help in the determination of the best means and ways of communicating. In summation, it is important to note that to achieve effective leadership two factors that go hand in hand; motivation and communication are paramount. First, an excellent leader must be self-motivated. They must know their identity and needs so as to be able to motivate other towards common goals. The second factor is that leaders should embrace good communication skill so as to accurately deliver meaningful information that will help in achieving their goals.

Power and Leadership

There are many different forms of power where each has its unique set of characteristics and origin. It is, therefore, important for leaders to learn how to handle each type of authority (Avolio, and Gardner 2005). The first forms of power is the legitimate power is a power which is given and can, therefore, be taken away. It is characterized by a person in a higher rank in an organization controlling people in lower positions. This type of power greatly relies on the subordinates believing that the leader deserves the position.

The second type is the coercive power which is more like bullying. It is characterized by the leader exerting his authority by force or threats. In this type of power the subordinates owe no loyalty or respect for the leader. Thirdly we have expert power which is based on skills and knowledge. The person believed to have the highest level of competencies is considered to be the one with influence over the others. This type of power requires the leader to keep learning to be better.

The fourth information power does not last for long as it is based on information that will eventually be known to all. In this type of power the person who has information that is needed has power over the rest. For example, the person in positions of blueprints for a certain project will have information power over others working on the project. The fifth type is the reward power where a person offers rewards, which may include pay raises, promotions or money to motivate others for exceptional work. Connection power is the sixth type of power and is primarily characterized by networking where a person gains power by building coalitions with individuals in the authority. For example, if a person wants to get to someone whom I have connections to, I am going to have relationship power over them.

Finally, we have referent power is the most valuable form of power. It is held by persons with integrity and other positive values. Referent power is occupied by people who influence people to admire and respect them. In conclusion, efficient use of power by individuals is a key to the success of an organization. It foresters observance the leader hence helps in giving instructions and coordinating activities.

 

Reference List

Avolio, B.J. and Gardner, W.L., 2005. Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The leadership quarterly, 16(3), pp.315-338.

Brown, M.E. and Treviño, L.K., 2006. Ethical leadership: A review and future directions. The leadership quarterly, 17(6), pp.595-616.

Rubin, R.S., Munz, D.C. and Bommer, W.H., 2005. Leading from within: The effects of emotion recognition and personality on transformational leadership behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 48(5), pp.845-858.