Many studies revolving around the nursing profession have been conducted, and these have included both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This paper is going to look into a previously conducted qualitative research that sought to investigate the perception and experiences of nurses in the provision of psychological care to patients of burns during the recovery stages. The study sought to investigate the above mentioned in order to pinpoint key psychological areas that needed more concentration and improvements with the key aim of enhancing successful outcomes of the practice.
Background of study:
As earlier stated, the purpose of undertaking the research was to do an exploration on the perception and experiences of the nurses while attending to patients of burns cases in order to determine any failing areas. This would ensure that proper intervention is done to improve purposely on any unaddressed areas in order to help improve the quality for eventual successful realization of any activity carried out during the whole recovery process.
Significance to nursing
The biggest segment of the multidisciplinary burn team is comprised of nurses who are the key principals in the provision and implementation of the daily and continuous care for the burns patients. It is very challenging to deal with patients suffering from severe burns in the sense that they need both physical and psychological intensive interventions. In the burn units, nursing staff is the one that are the first to attend to burn patients. Nurses are also the ones who institute remedial action for the burns patients. In that case, nurses need to be well equipped with the necessary skills since they have key roles to play in such cases and as such a study was considered very useful to the nursing fraternity (Al-Mousawi, 2009).
To come up with ways of helping burns patients considering that the situation can be very traumatic and stressful to the patient eventually making him/her to suffer from intensive psychological conditions.
Objectives: research question and/or hypothesis
The research question tried to investigate the perceptions and experiences of the nurses while attending to patients suffering from burns.
Most studies have been conducted in relation to burn injuries, which include both physical and psychological impacts. According to the study, many studies have concentrated on the physical impacts and as such, this research purpose to discuss on the psychological effects. The study was based on the assumption that the psychological requirements form a very vital role during the recovery stages of the burn patients.
Methods of study:
The study was qualitative in nature as it was considered to be more appropriate and considering that the method is mainly used in cases where there is a dire need of investigating the attitudes and experiences of health care workers and patients.
Based on the research questions that the researcher intended to address, and then it was considered appropriate to use descriptive qualitative research design (Tappen, 2010). This was intended to expose the experiences of the nursing staff that attend to burns patients. The approach is also subjective and systematic and as such very useful in describing experiences and giving meaning to life experiences.
In order to ensure that a considerable large amount of information was obtained and that the information was reliable was reliable for analysis then trained Nurse practitioner and those under training from burn units were sampled. The Registered nurses included those with a minimum of three years working experience.
In data collection, the researcher opted to make use of the open-ended questionnaires and interview questions in order to ensure that both the participants and the interviewees were given a chance of expressing their views and opinions without any limitations. A pilot study was also conducted in order to give room for a feasibility study that would ensure the estimation and testing on the tools to be used in the study. The data analysis was carried out in three stages that included a description, analysis, and interpretation.
Results of study:
Based on the literature review and more field research, it was found that psychological care is very pertinent for burns patients during the recovery stages. It was also found to be very beneficial to the staffs of the burn units including the nursing staff, on the basis of knowledge acquired.
The findings contribute positively to the nursing profession in the sense that they help in imparting new skills to the nursing staffs in the burn units. By clearly understanding the importance of the psychological needs necessary for the burns patients, then nurses will work towards the realization of the same and such will eventually lead into improved and successful results from the concerned nurses (Boswell & Cannon, 2014). The recommendations made may also be implanted into the training of the nurses.
The patient privacy was protected in the sense that the study only featured the nurses and no identification was made whatsoever for the whole period of undertaking the study.
The research, never investigated any specific treatment case but rather it was a general consideration. However, in addressing cases related to burns patients, it is always considered ethical to handle and attend to every patient regardless of their cultural, social, political, or religious backgrounds.
Based on the above discussion, it is evident that the psychological considerations are very vital to pay attention while attending to burns patients. It implies that those burn unit staffs attending to burns patients should lay much focus on the psychological needs of the patients as this is very vital for the successful recovery of such patients.
Al-Mousawi, A. M., Mecott-Rivera, G. A., Jeschke, M. G., & Herndon, D. N. (2009). Burn teams and burn Centers: The importance of a comprehensive team approach to burn care. US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health, 36(4), 547-554.