By the year 2010, approximately 1.8 million were reported to have succumbed to HIV/AIDS across the world. In the same year, the World Health Organization reported that an estimate of 3.4 million people across the world was living with HIV/AIDS. And the number was equally on a rise.
In Brazil, it is estimated that 0.5 million of its citizens are living with HIV/AIDS while several millions of its citizens are equally at risk of contracting the deadly disease. The Ministry of Health of Brazil as identified that the carnival celebrations held in Rio de Janeiro annually which involves women dancing on bare breasts attracts several men across the country staging a chance for new infections. The health ministry has therefore designed a program to distribute condoms during these carnival celebrations to reduce the rate of new HIV/AIDS infections in the country. Brazil’s Ministry of Health also discovered that HIV/AIDS prevalence is extremely high among married couples. The reason behind this is that several women fear to compel their male counterparts to use condoms despite knowing that they keep extramarital affairs because they fear being beaten up or losing economic empowerment from their husbands. Brazil managed to reduce the World Health Organization predictions that it would register 1.2 million new infections by the year 2000.
The following are some of the lessons that can be learnt by other poor countries which fight to reduce new HIV/AIDS infections: They should not be squeamish and promote use of condoms amongst all its members including carnivals; the second lesson is to provide free treatment and condoms for its citizens as this will reduce the death rates and reduce chances of new infections; encourage its members and organizations to participate in voluntary activities that would encourage use of condoms and being faithful in marriages; and to encourage their members to embrace action towards combating HIV/AIDS rather doing nothing and expecting to achieve a positive result.
India being the one of the most populous country in the world with approximately I billion citizens, has registered the highest number of people infected with HIV/AIDS at 2.4 million. The country however, has not fully embraced HIV/AIDS control measures despite the virus being identified for the first time 5 years ago. It is only in Tamil Nadu, a small state in India where commendable efforts have been achieved by the barbers. They have made an effort to talk to their male customers on the importance of practicing safe sex. They have also put in store condoms which they allow their customers to pick for free as they walk out to meet with commercial sex workers. India media houses have however, rejected the efforts by the members of the Tamil Nadu to have their educational information aired as social ads but that has not distracted them from their course. The program that is being undertaken by the Tamil Nadu barbers has earned them respect as advisors in their community and also reduced case of new HIV/AIDS infections in Tamil Nadu. Coke and Pepsi which have several advertisement platforms have shown interest in encouraging this noble course.
London international group has help in production of condoms that is used to control spread of AIDS across the globe. London Okamoto Corporation also has been launched in Japan to produce more condoms to reduce cases f new infections.
Case 4-5 AIDS, Condoms, and Carnival